Trauma to anterior teeth in a Nigerian tertiary health facility
Dr. Osadolor OO
Background: Anterior teeth play a role in biting, speech and aesthetics. Trauma to anterior teeth is often neglected when not associated with pain, shocking sensation, discolouration and abscess. Objective: To determine the distribution and pattern of presentation of trauma to anterior teeth in a tertiary health facility in South-east Nigeria. Methodology: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients who attended and had oral clinical evaluation in Preventive dentistry clinic of the Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria from January 2014 to December 2015 was done. Results: A total of 59 patients were clinically evaluated, 25(42.4%) were males,34(57.6%) were females giving a male to female ratio of 1:1.4 The age range of the patients was 17 to 68 years with a mean age of 29.5 ± 11.8 years. Trauma to anterior teeth were more in the 20-29 age group, followed by the 30-39 age group. Enamel-dentine fractures were the most common presentation and maxillary central incisors were mostly affected. P=0.037,P-value =0.031, P-value =0.016. Conclusion: The issue of delay in seeking early and proper dental treatment for traumatized anterior teeth is a common health problem. Effort needs to be applied to create better awareness on benefits of prompt and adequate treatment following trauma to anterior teeth.